to Chapter 8
The opening of the seals on the
scroll stretch from Revelation chapters 6 to 8. Chapter 7, is placed
between the opening of the sixth seal and the opening of the 7th
seals. The 144,000 from the 12 tribes of Israel spread the Gospel, either
before or after the 6th seal, the great earthquake. The great
earthquake of the 6th seal, opens up the world for further
The break of time, between the
sixth seal, and the opening of the seventh seal, allows humanity to
contemplate their eternity. In chapter 8, the seventh seal is opened (Rev.
8:1), this brings forward the seven trumpet judgments, in the seventh
trumpet are the seven bowl judgments. The seventh bowl judgment concludes
with fall of the cities of the earth and the return of Christ in Revelation
Prior to the opening of the
seventh seal, the evangelism of the 144,000 and the “Two Witnesses” in
Jerusalem, calling down God’s judgment on the earth turn many to salvation
in Christ. With an increase in saved souls, there is also an increase in
persecution, as the Antichrist and his servants pursue those who turn to
Christ. It’s the prayers of these new “Saints” that are heard in Heaven,
causing God’s wrath to commence on the earth. However, even in the Trumpet
Judgments, God’s mercy is demonstrated, by the limited extent of the
judgments. The Trumpet Judgments are limited in their scope as opposed to
the bowl judgments in the second half of the tribulation, which are more
encompassing. One of the main purposes of the tribulation is bring people
to a point of decision.
In chapters 8
and 9, the trumpet judgments are carried out when the 7 angels blow their
trumpets causing God’s judgments to fall on earth.
In the book of Joshua, there is
a prophetic foreshadowing of the events taking place in Revelation.
In Joshua, we have 7 priests
with 7 trumpets who circle the city of Jericho 7 times, followed by the
Arc of the Covenant , led by Joshua. This foreshadowing is ultimately
fulfilled in Revelation’s Trumpet Judgments.
Seventh Seal Opened
1 When He opened the seventh
seal, there was silence in heaven for about half an hour.
2 And I saw the seven angels
who stand before God, and to them were given seven trumpets.
At this point, the Lamb is
still opening the seals on the scroll. Chapter 7 was a break between the 6th
seal, which resulted in a great earthquake and the opening of the 7th
The 7-sealed scroll represents
the title of the earth,
The seventh seal is the final
seal on the scroll.
In the seventh seal, are the seven trumpets and under the
seventh trumpet, is the Seven Bowl Judgments.
Heaven in chapters 4 and 5 is a
place where the angels and the redeemed loudly proclaim God’s glory,
rejoicing. At the start of the 8th chapter, we have silence for
half an hour. The silence warns of the storm about to envelope the earth.
The first six seals resulted in unprecedented destruction and death of ¼ of
the earth population, the events to follow are more horrific in scope. All
Heaven stands in silence at what is happen when the 7th seal is
In Heaven seven angels stand in
the presence of God by His throne, waiting the command, we know one them is
Gabriel. Gabriel told Zacharias the priest, he would have a son named John
(Luke 1:19) Gabriel was also dispatched from the throne to give Daniel
understanding, about the timing of the death of Messiah and what would
precede the Messiah’s return. (Daniel 9:23)
Gabriel and the six other angels
are now to herald the coming judgments on the earth.
The purpose of the trumpet is to
draw attention, so people take notice. In Exodus (Exodus 19), we see the
trumpet of God proclaim God’s presence to Israel. The trumpet is also used
to call up the saints in the rapture. (I Thes. 4:16).
Here seven trumpet are given to
seven angels to herald the judgments of God on the Earth. In a prophetic
foreshadowing of this event, before Israel entered the promised land 7
priests held seven trumpets. Joshua, commands Israel how Jericho is to be
4 "And seven priests shall
bear seven trumpets of rams' horns before the ark. But the seventh day you
shall march around the city seven times, and the priests shall blow the
5 "It shall come to pass,
when they make a long blast with the ram's horn, and when you hear the sound
of the trumpet, that all the people shall shout with a great shout; then the
wall of the city will fall down flat. And the people shall go up every man
straight before him."
The Seven Trumpets of Joshua and Revelation
(Jesus) (Mat 24:30-31)
Trumpets (Joshua 6:6)
Trumpets (Rev 8:2)
the Arc (Joshua 6:6)
the Throne (Rev 8:2)
until the sixth day (Joshua 6:10)
in Heaven for ½ and hour (Rev. 8:1)
of Israel (Joshua 6:1)
with angels (Rev 19; 14,Mat 24:31)
End of 7th
Trumpet (Joshua 6:15-18)
End of 7th
Trumpet (Rev 10:7)
before arc (Joshua 6:6)
before Throne (Rev 8:2)
reaction to 7th Trumpet
Israel (Joshua 6:16)
voices in Heaven (Rev 11:15)
all in her house waiting for Joshua’s invasion (Joshua 6:17)
Inhabitants on Earth waiting for Jesus’ Return (Matt 25:31-41)
Description of Rahab & Israel before invasion
Prostitute (Joshua 6:17)
Prostitute (Ezekiel 16:33-36,Ezekiel 23, Hosea 1:2.2:4,4:10)
Then another angel, having a golden censer, came and stood at the altar. He
was given much incense, that he should offer it with the prayers of all the
saints upon the golden altar which was before the throne.
4 And the smoke of the incense,
with the prayers of the saints, ascended before God from the angel's hand.
5 Then the angel took the
censer, filled it with fire from the altar, and threw it to the earth. And
there were noises, thunderings, lightnings, and an earthquake.
6 So the seven angels who had
the seven trumpets prepared themselves to sound.
The identity of this angel has
been a point of debate among Bible scholars, since this angel seems to
intercede with the prayers of saints. Some argue this is Jesus Christ
appearing as an angel, interceding on the behalf of saints because he offers
the prayers on the golden altar. This was the function of the priestly
office in the Old Testament.
Tim LaHaye disagrees with this
view for two reasons,
1. The Lord Jesus, when
appearing in the Old Testament to the children of God, is never referred to
as “an angel.” Instead, he is always introduced as “The angel of the Lord”
or “The angel of God.”
2. We have no record of the Lord
Jesus appearing on earth as an angel after His incarnation and ascension to
Also, the 24 elders have 24
golden bowls with incense which we are told is the prayers of the saints
(Revelation 5:8). The angel could very well be merely administering and not
Golden censer In
addition to the scene, from the battle of Jericho (Joshua 6), Revelation 8
also corresponds to the shadow of the Temple worship (Hebrews 9;4,10:1,
Exodus 37:25-28). The censer would hold the fire when combined with
incense, a fragent smoke would ascend upward. This was a picture of the
priestly office, and the smoke represented the prayers and worship going
The altar of incense before the
holy of holies was a picture of the original located in Heaven.
Prayers of saints
During this time in the
tribulation, many of the new believers are being pursued and killed. Their
prayers have come before God’s throne.
Fire from the altar
God is now about the answer the
persecution of his saints with His judgment.
Plagues on Egypt and the Trumpet
Exodus 7-11 through the hand of Moses, God sends 10 “Literal plagues” on
Egypt resulting in the release of the children of Israel from their
captivity. Four of those plagues are again found here in the Trumpet
judgments. Just as in Egypt, these are literal plagues on the earth. One
point to be revealed in Revelation 11 is these plagues are being called down
on the earth by the “Two Witnesses” who are in Jerusalem during this time.
They are witnessing to the world about the true “God”, another demonstration
of God’s grace. Still, despite the evidence of God’s power and grace, the
earth rejoices at the death of these two individuals at the hands of the
6 These have power to shut
heaven, so that no rain falls in the days of their prophecy; and they have
power over waters to turn them to blood, and to strike the earth with all
plagues, as often as they desire.
10 And those who dwell on the
earth will rejoice over them, make merry, and send gifts to one another,
because these two prophets tormented those who dwell on the earth.
We know from Malachi 4:5 one of
these two witnesses is Elijah, the other is either Moses or Enoch. Moses
appeared with Elijah on the Mountain of Transfiguration (Matthew 17:3), and
Enoch like Elijah never suffered death. The story in Exodus in fact is
foreshadowing of this event which results in Israel being freed again after
God’s judgments fall on the world and not just Egypt.
Plagues on Egypt
Plagues on Earth
turned to blood (Exodus 7:17)
becomes blood (Second TrumpetRev. 8:8)
from the rivers (Exodus 8:3)
Disease on livestock (Exodus 9:3)
and blisters (Exodus 9:9)
(First Trumpet Rev. 8:7)
Locusts (Exodus 10:14)
from the earth (Fifth Trumpet Rev. 9:3)
Darkness over Egypt (Exodus 10:21)
(Fourth Trumpet Rev. 8:12-13)
of the firstborn (Exodus 12:29)
7 The first angel sounded: And
hail and fire followed, mingled with blood, and they were thrown to the
earth. And a third of the trees were burned up, and all green grass was
burned up. Revelation 8:7
The first four trumpet judgment
are judgments against the physical earth. In the first trumpet we see hail,
fire and blood. A couple of events could be described here, this very well
could be space matter impacting and showering the earth, burning trees and
grass as the earth is struck.
Another option is volcanic,
Earthquakes and volcanoes both are part of the geophysical earth. The
earthquake in the 6th seal, could very well put in motion events
to shower the earth with hot debris burning the grass and trees in the
process. Joel points to this day of tribulation, and its purpose of bringing
salvation to the lost.
30 "And I will show wonders in
the heavens and in the earth: Blood and fire and pillars of smoke.
31 The sun shall be turned into
darkness, And the moon into blood, Before the coming of the great and
awesome day of the Lord.
32 And it shall come to pass
That whoever calls on the name of the Lord Shall be saved. For in Mount Zion
and in Jerusalem there shall be deliverance, As the Lord has said, Among the
remnant whom the Lord calls.
The Second Trumpet
8 Then the second angel sounded:
And something like a great mountain burning with fire was thrown into the
sea, and a third of the sea became blood.
9 And a third of the living
creatures in the sea died, and a third of the ships were destroyed.
mountain John is
describing what he sees, he describes what most people would see as a
meteorite or asteroid crashing into the sea. In fact, scientist today
explain the disappearance of dinosaurs as a result of a huge meteorite that
struck the earth, causing the death of vegetation, resulting in the death of
75% of life.
This meteorite lands in the Sea,
now which sea is up for debate. Most feel the sea referred to hear is the
Mediterranean Sea. This could also be the Ocean, which is struck by a
meteorite causing tidal waves destroying 1/3 of the ships. The material
from the Meteorite could also be highly toxic causing 1/3 of the living
creatures in the sea to die or the underwater impact could be deadly to sea
10 Then the third angel sounded:
And a great star fell from heaven, burning like a torch, and it fell on a
third of the rivers and on the springs of water.
11 The name of the star is
Wormwood. A third of the waters became wormwood, and many men died from the
water, because it was made bitter.
The words used by John here are
literally “Mega Asteroid” unlike the burning mountain which fell on the
sea. This meteorite falls on 1/3 of the drinking water. This meteorite
could very well be part of the first one, also being toxic in nature. This
meteorite as it enters earth’s atmosphere could break up causing its
toxicity to cover hit the drinking waters.
Areas such as the great lakes
and amazon river, could then carry the toxic waters downstream causing 1/3
of fresh water to become bitter.
Scientist today try to keep tabs
of all “Near Earth Objects” (NEO’s) because the threat is real quoting from
a recent conference called 2004 Planetary Defense Conference which
met in Garden Grove California in February 2004, the issue was the defense
of the planet from what is described in the book of Revelation. Quoting from
David Morrison (NASA Ames Research Center) at the conference.
An object half a mile across
packs a one-million-megaton punch, enough to threaten the globe, but objects
this large are rare. "Tunguska-class" objects, that is, those measuring
about 195 feet (60m) across, strike Earth far more frequently. Indeed, the
class itself refers to an object that exploded above the Siberian taiga in
1908 with an estimated force of 10 megatons or more.
men died The result
of this was the death of those who dwelt on the earth.
12 Then the fourth angel
sounded: And a third of the sun was struck, a third of the moon, and a third
of the stars, so that a third of them were darkened. A third of the day did
not shine, and likewise the night.
of the sun The
results of the first three trumpets, results in what happens in the fourth.
With the increase in volcanic activity and the burning of grass and trees,
the earth being struck by two asteroids the billowing smoke fills the outer
These events could be limited to
portion of the earth atmosphere causing 1/3 of the sky to be darkened. A
great example is Mt. St. Helens, which caused the earth to appear pitch dark
in the middle of the day as volcanic ash covered the sky. The events spoken
about here are much greater then a single volcanic event.
to the Earth
13 And I looked, and I heard an
angel flying through the midst of heaven, saying with a loud voice, "Woe,
woe, woe to the inhabitants of the earth, because of the remaining blasts of
the trumpet of the three angels who are about to sound!”
Inhabitants of the Earth
The inhabitants of the earth
as opposed to the inhabitants of Heaven. Those who trust in the Lord and
die on the earth become inhabitants of Heaven.
These first four trumpets all involve environmental catastrophies, the next
two trumpets are God’s judgments against man as opposed to the environment