Introduction to Chapter 10
chapter is an event between the 6th and 7th Trumpet
Judgments, just as chapter 7 was an event between the 6th and 7th
takes place just prior to the “Midpoint” of the tribulation period.
6th Trumpet Judgment, a “Mighty angel” descends from Heaven to
claim possession of Earth. This angelic scene, takes place in the spiritual
physical realm, those who know Jesus Christ, suffer death, persecution and
are in hiding. The scene on earth seems bleak for all humanity.
At this point
in chapter 10, the earth is in a perilous state. War alone has killed
nearly half the earth population (Rev. 6:8, 9:15), a quarter in the first
Four Seals, and a third in the 6th Trumpet Judgments. Earth,
physically has also suffered tremendous judgments, with two asteroids
crashing into the Oceans, killing a third of sea life, and making one third
of fresh waters poisonous.
and volcanic activity also cause havoc on a spiritually hardened earth.
During this same period, “Two Witnesses” have
been the verbal mouthpiece of judgment, causing it not to rain on the
earth. As they speak, the outrage on the earth begins to mount against
them, as technologies such as television, satellite and the internet carry
their pronouncements instantaneously. These two individuals, in Jerusalem,
seem in the world’s eyes to be the cause of the earth’s problems.
trumpet corresponds ( Rev. 9;15), with Daniel 11:44-45 indicating a battle
near the close of the first half of the tribulation period resulting in the
death of 1/3 of humanity. In this end time’s battle, involving nations in
the east and the north, against the Antichrist, the Antichrist will
annihilate many, 1/3 of humanity dies. Following this, the events in chapter
Following chapter 10, The Antichrist will then
conquer Jerusalem, kill these two men, and desecrate the Temple, proclaiming
himself god (II Thes. 2:4). This coming conquest of Jerusalem, by
the armies of the Antichrist at the middle of the tribulation, noted in
several places in scripture (Zechariah 12:1-3, 14:1-3, Daniel 12:1-2,
Matthew 24:15-20) is the start of the middle point of Daniel’s 70th
Angel and the Seven thunders
1 I saw still
another mighty angel coming down from heaven, clothed with a cloud. And a
rainbow was on his head, his face was like the sun, and his feet like
pillars of fire.
2 He had a
little book open in his hand. And he set his right foot on the sea and his
left foot on the land,
3 and cried
with a loud voice, as when a lion roars. When he cried out, seven thunders
uttered their voices.
4 Now when the
seven thunders uttered their voices, I was about to write; but I heard a
voice from heaven saying to me, "Seal up the things which the seven thunders
uttered, and do not write them."
John is reporting what he sees with his eyes. John sees the physical and
spiritual world without distinction, to him the events taking place in
angelic realm are as clear as events taking place in the physical.
The identification of this angel has been argued by many commentators.
Some argue this angel is Jesus Christ in angelic form. Others argue this
angel is just “another” mighty created angel serving the creator.
argue this is Jesus in angelic form make following points, comparing the
description of this mighty angel to that of Christ in Revelation.
Mighty Angel in Revelation 10
Description of Christ
Rainbow on his head
of God has a rainbow around it Ezek 1:28, Rev 4:3
like the sun
glorified face was like the Sun…Matt 17:2, Rev 1:16
like pillars of fire
of Lord from the waist down….Ezek 1:28
voice like a lion’s roar
is called Lion of Judah….Rev 5:5
similar description of an angelic being is given in the 10th
chapter of Daniel many feel this is also Christ before the incarnation.
appeared as the “Angel of the Lord” in the Old Testament Genesis 16:7,
22:11, Numbers 22:22
argue this is just “Another mighty angel” point make the following points.
“Another” means this angel is not unique…
Rev 5:2, 7:2, 8:3 in fact the word (ijscurov
) is used to
picture the angel in Rev 5:2. The angel in Rev. 5:2 is not Jesus.
Believers also, will shine like the “Sun” in the kingdom of their Father...
Matthew 13:43. Revelation 18:1 has a strong angel with “Great power….glory”
and is clearly not Jesus.
angel swears by “Him’ who created the “Heavens and all that is”…. Jesus
Christ is the one who created the “Heavens and all that is”… (John 1:3, Heb
1:10, Col 1:15-17)
He had a
little book (biblarivdion
unlike the scroll in Rev. 5:2 which is called (Gr. Biblion...scroll) this
book is a smaller form of the same word. This is not the same scroll that
the lamb opened from the throne but a small scroll.
He set his
size of this angelic being must be immense. We see all 3 aspect of the Earth
being claimed by this angel, clothed with the clouds, one foot in the sea,
and the other on the Earth. The angel is claiming possession for his King.
A similar picture is in II Kings 18:19, where Rabshakeh, the Chief of Staff
for the King of Assyria announces Jerusalem’s conquest for the King of
Cried with a
What the angel cried is not known. Only what happened after he cried. The
Lion cries in nature to assert authority over his territory and in the same
way the Angel is telling all creation the time is near.
response to the “Mighty” angel’s cry, the “Seven thunders” uttered their
voices. Who are the seven thunders? And what did they say? The number seven
demonstrates completeness such as 7 seals, 7 spirits, and 7 trumpets.
Thunder has been used to describe the voice of God throughout the scriptures
in connection with Judgment. (Job 37:2, 40:9, Psalm 77:18,104:7). James
and John were called “Sons of thunder” in rebuke because they wanted to the
Lord to judge the Samaritans with fire (Luke 9:24) after they refused to
allow Him to enter their city. The voices of the “Seven thunders” could be
the voice of God or the Seven angels who were about to pour out the bowl
judgments after the Seventh trumpet is sounded.
said has also cause speculation by many. Whatever they said probably was
relative to what was going to follow in the judgments in the 2nd
half of the 7 year tribulation period.
I was about
John is functioning as reporter. He is writing down what he sees and hears.
I heard a
John is specifically told to not write what he heard down. The reason why
John was not allowed to reveal the message is pure speculation; four
possible reasons could be;
utterances were too specific.
2. They would
3. The time
was not right
4. What they
said was only for John to hear
Seal up the
600 years earlier, was in a similar situation in the prophecy revealed in
Daniel 10 through 12 chapters. Daniel did not understand what he was writing
about, so he asked the angel, what all this means? He was told,
your way, Daniel, for the words are closed up and sealed till the time of
Dan 12; 9
teaches that some events are sealed until the time they are ready to be
revealed, if God chooses to reveal them.
secret things belong to the LORD our God, but those things which
are revealed belong to us and to our children forever, that we
may do all the words of this law.
End of the Age
5 The angel
whom I saw standing on the sea and on the land raised up his hand to heaven
6 and swore by
Him who lives forever and ever, who created heaven and the things that are
in it, the earth and the things that are in it, and the sea and the things
that are in it, that there should be delay no longer,
7 but in the
days of the sounding of the seventh angel, when he is about to sound, the
mystery of God would be finished, as He declared to His servants the
Raised up his
hand to heaven…
Daniel 600 years earlier witnessed an event similar to John’s, Daniel in
chapters 10-12 (Dan 10-12) was told of events involving “His people”, the
Jewish people, in the last days. In Daniel’s scene an angel whose
description is similar to that of the “Mighty angel” reveals to Daniel
specific end time events regarding the Jewish Temple and the number of days
of its desecration. In Daniel the angel above the river swears about the
certainty of time involved,
I heard the man clothed in linen, who was above the waters of the
river, when he held up his right hand and his left hand to heaven, and swore
by Him who lives forever, that it shall be for a time, times, and
half a time; and when the power of the holy people has been
completely shattered, all these things shall be finished. Daniel
The angel in
Daniel 10-12 was swearing that after 3.5 year period, “Time, times and half
a time” when the power of the Jewish people has been completely shattered
all things will be finished. In other words there will be no more delay.
This is exactly what the “Mighty angel” here is also referring to at the
“Midpoint” of the tribulation period.
should be delay no longer (crovno
…delay) “No more time”, The time will be finished. This reflects the
message in Daniel 12:7, “All things shall be finished”, also the 70th
week of Daniel would be complete….The 7th trumpet in Revelation
11:15 starts the 2nd half of the tribulation the last 3.5 years.
In the days
of the seventh angel...
The seventh angel is the angel who holds the 7th trumpet. The 7th
trumpet’s sounding takes place in Rev 11:15 following the resurrection of
the two witnesses killed and laying dead in the streets of Jerusalem. “In
the days of” is the sounding of the final trumpet, the last 3.5 years, the
final woe. The sounding of this trumpet will bring a conclusion of God’s
plan of redemption revealed in the scriptures.
The Mystery of God
God would be finished…
The Greek word is derived from the verb muo; to shut the mouth.
Daniel’s words were sealed until the time was ready. One day the meaning of
all prophecy will be revealed. There will not be a mystery of God’s plans
any more in the time …. “In the days of the sounding of the seventh angel”
to His servants the prophets…
God has already revealed parts of his plan in the scriptures through his
prophets. We are told in Daniel 12:10, those who are wise will understand
God’s plan, but none of the wicked will understand. Understanding God’s
end-time plan is a blessing and a sign of wisdom according to the
scriptures. Rev 1:3. Understanding the Messiah was to suffer and die for
men’s sins before ruling and reigning on Earth was part of God’s plan
(Mystery) revealed through the prophets, but hidden from understanding till
the time was right. (Matt 16:21, Mark 8:31, Luke 24:45-48)
John eats the little book
8 Then the
voice which I heard from heaven spoke to me again and said, "Go, take the
little book which is open in the hand of the angel who stands on the sea and
on the earth."
9 So I went to
the angel and said to him, "Give me the little book." And he said to me,
"Take and eat it; and it will make your stomach bitter, but it will be as
sweet as honey in your mouth."
10 Then I took
the little book out of the angel's hand and ate it, and it was as sweet as
honey in my mouth. But when I had eaten it, my stomach became bitter.
11 And he said
to me, "You must prophesy again about many peoples, nations, tongues, and
Voice which I
voice which commanded John to not write down the utterances of the seven
thunders is the voice could be from God or one of the living creatures
standing before the throne commanding John what to do with the book.
What is the
Go, take the
angel” holds in his hand the “Bibliaridion”, a little scroll, referred to
earlier in the chapter. John must be back on earth witnessing the events
about to take place at the Midpoint of the tribulation regarding the two
witnesses and the Beast and False Prophet.
What is the
little book? The “Little book” is probably the message John needs to deliver
in the, 2nd half of the tribulation of the 7 year tribulation.
Ezekiel consumed the scroll containing the message he was to deliver to
So I Went to
approached the “Mighty angel” in the spiritual realm, “Being in the Sprit”
John commanded the “Mighty angel” to give him the little book as he was
John is commanded to eat the book much in the same way Ezekiel was commanded
to eat the scroll or book almost 700 years earlier. The message was one of
judgment on the children of Israel (Ezk 2; 3, 10). Israel, and Jerusalem
was about to be destroyed by the Babylonian armies. Ezekiel, beholding the
“Glory of the Lord” was told to proclaim the Lord’s message to a disobedient
people. When Ezekiel ate the scroll it was sweet in his mouth.
John is told to consume the little book which is sweet in his mouth but
bitter in his stomach.
word is sweet to those who consume and understand the message and meaning.
Psalm 119:103 describes God’s word as sweeter then honey.
As the word
of God is sweet to those who taste it, proclaiming the message can be a
bitter task. Knowledge of the God’s wrath and judgment is not sweet but
bitter, it is gloom on the world.
18 Woe to you who desire the day of the LORD!
good is the day of the LORD to you?
It will be
darkness, and not light.
19 It will be as though a man fled from a lion,
And a bear
Or as though
he went into the house,
hand on the wall,
serpent bit him!
20 Is not the day of the LORD darkness, and not light?
Is it not
very dark, with no brightness in it?
for the preceding 10 chapters has been prophesying about future events from
the “Church age” to the first half of the tribulation. John is about to
prophesy about the Midpoint to the end 2nd half of Daniel’s 70th
week through 1000 year Millennium to the New Jerusalem.
was the food John needed for strength to accomplish the task assigned to
him. Elijah after the slaughter of the prophets of Baal at Mt. Carmel Elijah
escapes from Jezebel into the wilderness of Beersheba. Elijah exhausted by
his escape wants to die. The “Angel of the Lord” provides him with food that
will lasted forty days and forty nights enough for the journey ahead.